Located in Westchester County, New York, only 24 miles north of Manhattan, Scarsdale has been frequently rated one of the top upscale communities in the country. The town is known for its Tudor and Colonial-style architecture and homes, many dating from the 1920s and located near the Metro-North railroad for easy commuting access to the city. The downtown area offers a number of fine shops and professional offices surrounded by green spaces, many within walking distance of some of the town’s sought-after neighborhoods, which include Fox Meadow, Heathcote, Green Acres, Edgewood and Quaker Ridge. Each of the town’s five elementary schools is named for one on these neighborhoods. The town’s public school system stands among the highest ranked in the nation, with average SAT scores soaring well above the national average and the vast majority of high school graduates moving on to college.
Residents are provided with a variety of recreational facilities including over 20 village parks and playgrounds, several public tennis courts, two 18-hole golf courses and an open air municipal swimming pool complex. The Parks Recreation and Conservation Department provides athletic programs for children including basketball and baseball. The town is very accommodating to families and children, offering a nonprofit nursery school, daycare programs with transportation included, and a six-week summer day camp program that runs at the elementary schools.
Scarsdale, which means “dale of scars or rocks,” was named by Caleb Heathcote after his home village in England. Heathcote purchased the land that would become Scarsdale in the late 17th century and turned it into a royal manor in 1701. The settlement became a town in 1788, and was primarily a farming community until the railroad arrived in the 1850s, whereupon the area began to develop into a residential suburb for affluent individuals who worked in New York City. The population continued to grow until Scarsdale was incorporated as a village in 1916. Over the years, Scarsdale has been home to many notable figures including writers, politicians, artists and scholars. The National Register of Historic Places has listed several buildings in Scarsdale including the Caleb Hyatt House, Scarsdale Woman’s Club, Wayside Cottage and Scarsdale Railroad Station.